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The use of martingales isabell werth saddle for sale is also concerned with the maintenance of an acceptable head position. The two principal types are the standing martingale attached to a cavesson (never to a drop) noseband, thus restricting any upward movement of the head, and the ‘running’ type achieving the same result through pressure on the mouth. The running martingale comprises a bifurcated strap isabell werth saddle for sale, each end being fitted with a ring through which the rein is passed. Thus pressure is put on the mouth to affect a lowering of the head.
The double bridle, with its curb bit and bradoon isabell werth saddle for sale, lies at the opposite end of the spectrum in comparison with the snaffle. It is the most sophisticated of the bitting arrangements, and within the province of only the educated rider and the educated horse, permitting the former to suggest a positioning of the head with a far greater finesse. The snaffle, or bradoon, acts to raise the head, while the curb, when it assumes an angle of about 45 degrees in the mouth, induces a lowering of the nose, flexion of the lower jaw and of the poll. The mouthpiece isabell werth saddle for sale of the curb is most usually a straight bar made with a central hump, called the port. The purpose of the port is to accommodate the tongue, thus allowing the bearing surfaces of the mouthpiece, on either side of the port, to come into direct contact with the bars. If the mouthpiece was made without a port, the bit would bear more up on the tongue than the bars and would, therefore, be rendered less efficient and direct in its action.
The severity or otherwise of the curb bit depends upon the length of the cheek below the mouthpiece, which incorporates the ‘eye’ to which the headpiece of the bridle is attached, is however, of almost equal isabell werth saddle for sale significance. A long cheek will cause a greater downward pressure on the poll as the ‘eye’ moves forward in response to the application of the rein, transmitting that pressure through the cheek piece or the head strap.
The Pelham bridle is something of a compromise between the isabell werth saddle for sale two extremes represented by the snaffle and the double bridle (the two basic bridles used in the correct schooling of the horse). With one mouthpiece, usually of the half-moon type, and a cheek which incorporates an additional ring for the fixing of a bradoon ring, it attempts to reproduce the effects of the latter. In practice, the snaffle action of the bit will predominate when the bradoon rein isabell werth saddle for sale is held outside the little finger, and the opposite result will be obtained when the position of the reins is reversed and the curb rein is held in a similar manner.
The ‘gag’ bridle, on the other hand, is little more than an extension of the snaffle, accentuating the upward, head-raising, action fo the latter by its peculiar construction. In the gag, the bit rings are made with two aligned central holes in the ring, through which a cheek piece isabell werth saddle for sale of rounded leather is passed, the rein being attached to a ring on the bottom end of the cheek piece. This arrangement enables the bit to move upwards in the horse’s mouth, exerting very considerable pressure on the corners of the lips. In fact, of course, the action produces contradictory pressures, one upwards on the mouth and one downwards on the isabell werth saddle for sale poll.